Doi
10.5431/aramit2001
Autor

Woźny M & Szymkowiak P

Jahr
2000
Titel

Epigeic spiders of the pastures of northern Wielkopolska

Titel übersetzt

Epigeic spiders of the pastures of northern Wielkopolska

Ausgabe

Heft 20

Seiten
1-25
Abstract

The fauna of epigeic spiders (Araneae) occurring on three different types of pastures in northern Wielkopolska was analysed. Studies were conducted from May 1992 to October 1993. The 18,995 specimens collected were classified as belonging to 137 species and 17 families. The family Linyphiidae proved the richest in species while Lycosidae was the most abundantly in terms of number of specimens. Zoocenological analysis of spider communities showed their differentiation testifying to differences in the sites studied. The dominants were: 1) Osowo Stare (Site 1): Pardosa palustris, 2) Sycyn Dolny (Site 2): Xerolycosa miniata, P. palustris, Xysticus kochi, 3) Braczewo (Site 3): Erigone dentipalpis, P. palustris. Seasonal changes of dominance of the species at each site were established. A comparison of changes of the species’ dominances in the years 1992 and 1993 disclosed similar values of the individual dominance coefficient at the sites in Osowo Stare and Braczewo. This result indicates the occurrence of the process of stabilization of these biocenoses and a tendency to equilibrium in the environment. The least stable proved to be the site at Sycyn Dolny. Analysis of the seasonal dynamics of epigeic spider communities was also made by determining the mean number of species at each site in the two years of study. The highest number of species was noted in spring. It is interesting to note the appearance of species which are rare or very rare in Poland such as: Lepthyphantes insignis, Ostearius melanopygius, Enoplognatha mordax and Enoplognatha oelandica.

Keywords

epigeic spiders, pasture, community and species ecology, Poland