Arachnologische Gesellschaft

New records of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) associated with animals and human habitats in Slovakia and the Czech Republic

New records of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) associated with animals and human habitats in Slovakia and the Czech Republic

Neue Funde von Pseudoskorpionen (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones), vergesellschaftet mit Tieren und in synanthropen Habitaten, in der Slowakei und in der Tschechischen Republik

Abstract

New data on pseudoscorpions associated with animals (birds, mammals, ants and true flies) and human habitats (synanthropic species) are presented. The collecting was carried out at 35 localities in Slovakia and the Czech Republic in different periods between 1989 and 2016. Altogether 149 nests of nine bird species, one mole nest, 14 nests of three rodent species, one lagomorph nest and four combined bird-rodent nests were examined. Five families were found, of which the Chernetidae was ranked first, with eight taxa and 770 specimens. Nine taxa were extracted from bird nests, from them Neobisium carcinoides (Hermann, 1804) and Dendrochernes cyrneus (L. Koch, 1873) were recorded only in this habitat type. Five species were found in mammal nests, Neobisium sylvaticum (C.L. Koch, 1835) and Lasiochernes pilosus (Ellingsen, 1910) were present only in this habitat type. Two species were collected in combined bird-mammal nests and two taxa were phoretic. Cheiridium museorum (Leach, 1817) was recorded only in synanthropic habitats and two quite rare species Microbisium suecicum Lohmander, 1945 and Chernes vicinus (Beier, 1932) were extracted only from anthills of Formica rufibarbis Fabricius, 1793. Five species were found for the first time in anthills in Slovakia. The current paper brings the first concrete faunistic data about the species Chernes vicinus from Slovakia and the second known locality of Microbisium suecicum in Slovakia. The phoresy of Allochernes peregrinus Lohmander, 1939 on true fly was recorded for the first time in Slovakia.

Neue Funde von Pseudoskorpionen, die mit Tieren (Vögeln, Säugern, Ameisen, Fliegen) und mit anthropogenen Habitaten (synanthrope Arten) vergesellschaftet sind, werden vorgestellt. Es wurde an 35 Orten in der Slowakei und in der Tschechischen Republik in verschiedenen Zeiträumen zwischen 1989 und 2016 gesammelt. Insgesamt wurden 149 Nester von neun Vogelarten, ein Maulwurfsbau, 14 Bauten von drei Nagetierarten, ein Kaninchenbau und vier kombinierte Vogel-Nagel-Nester untersucht. Es wurden fünf Pseudoskorpionfamilien nachgewiesen, am häufigsten die Chernetidae mit acht Taxa und 770 Individuen. Neun Taxa wurden aus Vogelnestern extrahiert, Neobisium carcinoides (Hermann, 1804) und Dendrochernes cyrneus (L. Koch, 1873) wurden ausschließlich in diesem Habitat gefunden. In Säugerbauten wurden fünf Arten nachgewiesen, Neobisium sylvaticum (C.L. Koch, 1835) und Lasiochernes pilosus (Ellingsen, 1910) ausschließlich dort. Zwei Arten wurden in kombinierten Vogel-Nagel-Nestern gefangen und zwei Arten waren phoretisch. Cheiridium museorum (Leach, 1817) wurde ausschließlich im synanthropen Bereich und zwei sehr seltene Arten, Microbisium suecicum Lohmander, 1945 und Chernes vicinus (Beier, 1932), wurden aus Ameisenhügeln von Formica rufibarbis Fabricius, 1793 extrahiert. Insgesamt wurden fünf Arten erstmals in der Slowakei in Ameisenhügeln gefangen. Der vorliegende Beitrag enthält die ersten genauen Daten von Chernes vicinus und den zweiten Fundort von Microbisium suecicum in der Slowakei. Allochernes peregrinus Lohmander, 1939 wurde in der Slowakei erstmals phoretisch (an einer Fliege) erfasst.

Zitate / Referenzen

  • Beier M 1948 Phoresie und Phagophilie bei Pseudoscorpionen. – Österreichische Zoologische Zeitschrift 1: 441-497

    --

  • Beier M 1948 Phoresie und Phagophilie bei Pseudoscorpionen. – Österreichische Zoologische Zeitschrift 1: 441-497

    --

  • Beier M 1963 Ordnung Pseudoscorpionidea (Afterskorpione). Bestimmungsbücher zur Bodenfauna Europas. Lieferung 1. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin. 313 pp.

    --

  • Beier M 1963 Ordnung Pseudoscorpionidea (Afterskorpione). Bestimmungsbücher zur Bodenfauna Europas. Lieferung 1. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin. 313 pp.

    --

  • Christophoryová J &Krumpál M 2010 Šťúriky (Pseudoscorpiones) PR Šúr. In: Majzlan O & Vidlička Ľ (eds.) Príroda rezervácie Šúr. Ústav zoológie SAV, Bratislava. pp. 105-114

    --

  • Christophoryová J &Krumpál M 2010 Šťúriky (Pseudoscorpiones) PR Šúr. In: Majzlan O & Vidlička Ľ (eds.) Príroda rezervácie Šúr. Ústav zoológie SAV, Bratislava. pp. 105-114

    --

  • Christophoryová J 2009 Šťúriky – Pseudoscorpiones. In: Mašán P & Mihál I (eds.) Pavúkovce Cerovej vrchoviny (Arachnida: Araneae, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones, Acari). Štátna ochrana prírody SR Banská Bystrica, Správa CHKO Cerová vrchovina Rimavská Sobota, Ústav zoológie SAV Bratislava, Ústav ekológie lesa SAV Zvolen. pp. 125-135

    --

  • Christophoryová J 2009 Šťúriky – Pseudoscorpiones. In: Mašán P & Mihál I (eds.) Pavúkovce Cerovej vrchoviny (Arachnida: Araneae, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones, Acari). Štátna ochrana prírody SR Banská Bystrica, Správa CHKO Cerová vrchovina Rimavská Sobota, Ústav zoológie SAV Bratislava, Ústav ekológie lesa SAV Zvolen. pp. 125-135

    --

  • Christophoryová J 2010 Šťúriky (Pseudoscorpiones) pod kôrou stromov, v dutinách a v hniezdach na Slovensku. – Folia faunistica Slovaca 15: 1-12

  • Christophoryová J 2010 Šťúriky (Pseudoscorpiones) pod kôrou stromov, v dutinách a v hniezdach na Slovensku. – Folia faunistica Slovaca 15: 1-12

  • Christophoryová J 2013 A faunistic study on the pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of oak hornbeam forests in SW Slovakia. – Munis Entomology & Zoology 8: 634-645

  • Christophoryová J 2013 A faunistic study on the pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of oak hornbeam forests in SW Slovakia. – Munis Entomology & Zoology 8: 634-645

  • Christophoryová J, Fenďa P & Krištofík J 2011b Chthonius hungaricus and Larca lata new to the fauna of Slovakia (Pseudoscorpiones: Chthoniidae, Larcidae). – Arachnologische Mitteilungen 41: 1-6

  • Christophoryová J, Fenďa P & Krištofík J 2011b Chthonius hungaricus and Larca lata new to the fauna of Slovakia (Pseudoscorpiones: Chthoniidae, Larcidae). – Arachnologische Mitteilungen 41: 1-6

  • Christophoryová J, Krumpálová Z, Krištofík J & Országhová Z 2011a Association of pseudoscorpions with different types of bird nests. – Biologia (Bratislava) 66: 669-677

  • Christophoryová J, Krumpálová Z, Krištofík J & Országhová Z 2011a Association of pseudoscorpions with different types of bird nests. – Biologia (Bratislava) 66: 669-677

  • Christophoryová J, Stloukalová V & Stloukal E 2011c First record of phoresy of pseudoscorpion Lamprochernes chyzeri in Slovakia (Pseudoscorpiones: Chernetidae). – Folia faunistica Slovaca 16: 139-142

  • Christophoryová J, Stloukalová V & Stloukal E 2011c First record of phoresy of pseudoscorpion Lamprochernes chyzeri in Slovakia (Pseudoscorpiones: Chernetidae). – Folia faunistica Slovaca 16: 139-142

  • Christophoryová J, Šťáhlavský F & Fedor P 2011d An updated identification key to the pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. – Zootaxa 2876: 35-48

  • Christophoryová J, Šťáhlavský F & Fedor P 2011d An updated identification key to the pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. – Zootaxa 2876: 35-48

  • Cyprich D, Krumpál M & Nagy R 1992 Prieskum fauny hniezd Columba livia f. domestica L. na juhozápadnom Slovensku. – Entomologické Problémy 22: 75-82

    --

  • Cyprich D, Krumpál M & Nagy R 1992 Prieskum fauny hniezd Columba livia f. domestica L. na juhozápadnom Slovensku. – Entomologické Problémy 22: 75-82

    --

  • Drogla R & Lippold K 2004 Zur Kenntnis der Pseudoskorpion-Fauna von Ostdeutschland (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones). – Arachnologische Mitteilungen 27/28: 1-54

  • Drogla R & Lippold K 2004 Zur Kenntnis der Pseudoskorpion-Fauna von Ostdeutschland (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones). – Arachnologische Mitteilungen 27/28: 1-54

  • Fenďa P, Krumpál M & Cyprich D 1998 The soil fauna in bird`s nests in Slovakia. In: Pižl V & Tajovský K (eds.) Soil zoological problems in Central Europe. České Budějovice. pp. 23-30

    --

  • Fenďa P, Krumpál M & Cyprich D 1998 The soil fauna in bird`s nests in Slovakia. In: Pižl V & Tajovský K (eds.) Soil zoological problems in Central Europe. České Budějovice. pp. 23-30

    --

  • Harvey MS 2013 Pseudoscorpions of the world. Version 3.0. Western Australian Museum Perth. – Internet: museum.wa.gov.au/catalogues-beta/pseudoscorpions (29.05.2016)

  • Harvey MS 2013 Pseudoscorpions of the world. Version 3.0. Western Australian Museum Perth. – Internet: museum.wa.gov.au/catalogues-beta/pseudoscorpions (29.05.2016)

  • Jones PE 1975 The occurrence of pseudoscorpions in the nests of British birds. – Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 8: 87-89

    --

  • Jones PE 1975 The occurrence of pseudoscorpions in the nests of British birds. – Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 8: 87-89

    --

  • Jászayová A, Christophoryová J & Jászay T 2015 Šťúriky (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones) v hniezdach Formica polyctena v doline Mníchovského potoka v Masíve Stebníckej Magury. – Folia faunistica Slovaca 20: 27-30

  • Jászayová A, Christophoryová J & Jászay T 2015 Šťúriky (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones) v hniezdach Formica polyctena v doline Mníchovského potoka v Masíve Stebníckej Magury. – Folia faunistica Slovaca 20: 27-30

  • Kaisila J 1949 A revision of the pseudoscorpion fauna of eastern Fennoscandia – Annales Entomologici Fennici 15: 72-92

    --

  • Kaisila J 1949 A revision of the pseudoscorpion fauna of eastern Fennoscandia – Annales Entomologici Fennici 15: 72-92

    --

  • Krajčovičová K, Christophoryová J & Lučeničová T 2015 Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) found in bird nests and in bat guano in Slovakia and Germany. – Munis Entomology & Zoology 10: 428-434

  • Krajčovičová K, Christophoryová J & Lučeničová T 2015 Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) found in bird nests and in bat guano in Slovakia and Germany. – Munis Entomology & Zoology 10: 428-434

  • Krajčovičová K & Christophoryová J 2014 Faunistic survey of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) colledted from trees and using Malaise traps in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. – Klapalekiana 50: 167-180

    --

  • Krajčovičová K & Christophoryová J 2014 Faunistic survey of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) colledted from trees and using Malaise traps in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. – Klapalekiana 50: 167-180

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P & Šustek Z 1996 Ectoparasites of bee-eater (Merops apiaster) and arthropods in its nests. – Biologia (Bratislava) 51: 557-570

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P & Šustek Z 1996 Ectoparasites of bee-eater (Merops apiaster) and arthropods in its nests. – Biologia (Bratislava) 51: 557-570

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P & Šustek Z 2005 Arthropods in the nests of marsh warblers (Acrocephalus palustris). – Biologia (Bratislava) 60: 171-177

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P & Šustek Z 2005 Arthropods in the nests of marsh warblers (Acrocephalus palustris). – Biologia (Bratislava) 60: 171-177

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P, Šustek Z & Gajdoš P 1993 Arthropods in the nests of penduline tit (Remiz pendulinus). – Biologia (Bratislava) 48: 493-505

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P, Šustek Z & Gajdoš P 1993 Arthropods in the nests of penduline tit (Remiz pendulinus). – Biologia (Bratislava) 48: 493-505

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P, Šustek Z & Kloubec B 2003 Arthropods (Pseudoscorpionida, Acari, Coleoptera, Siphonaptera) in nests of the Tengmalm’s owl (Aegolius funereus). – Biologia (Bratislava) 58: 231-240

    --

  • Krištofík J, Mašán P, Šustek Z & Kloubec B 2003 Arthropods (Pseudoscorpionida, Acari, Coleoptera, Siphonaptera) in nests of the Tengmalm’s owl (Aegolius funereus). – Biologia (Bratislava) 58: 231-240

    --

  • Krištofík J, Šustek Z & Gajdoš P 1994 Arthropods in the nests of the Sand Martin (Riparia riparia Linnaeus, 1758) in South Slovakia. – Biologia (Bratislava) 49: 683-690

    --

  • Krištofík J, Šustek Z & Gajdoš P 1994 Arthropods in the nests of the Sand Martin (Riparia riparia Linnaeus, 1758) in South Slovakia. – Biologia (Bratislava) 49: 683-690

    --

  • Krištofík J, Šustek Z & Gajdoš P 1995 Arthropods in the penduline tit (Remiz pendulinus) nests: occurrence and abundance in different breeding phases. – Biologia (Bratislava) 50: 487-493

    --

  • Krištofík J, Šustek Z & Gajdoš P 1995 Arthropods in the penduline tit (Remiz pendulinus) nests: occurrence and abundance in different breeding phases. – Biologia (Bratislava) 50: 487-493

    --

  • Krumpál M & Cyprich D 1987 Pseudoscorpiones, Chernetidae. – Biologia (Bratislava) 42: 196

    --

  • Krumpál M & Cyprich D 1987 Pseudoscorpiones, Chernetidae. – Biologia (Bratislava) 42: 196

    --

  • Krumpál M & Cyprich D 1988 O výskyte šťúrikov (Pseudoscorpiones) v hniezdach vtákov (Aves) v podmienkach Slovenska. – Zborník Slovenského národného múzea, Prírodné vedy 34: 41-48

    --

  • Krumpál M & Cyprich D 1988 O výskyte šťúrikov (Pseudoscorpiones) v hniezdach vtákov (Aves) v podmienkach Slovenska. – Zborník Slovenského národného múzea, Prírodné vedy 34: 41-48

    --

  • Krumpál M, Cyprich D, Fenďa P & Pinowski J 2001 Invertebrate fauna in nests of the House Sparrow Passer domesticus and the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus in Central Poland. – International Studies on Sparrows 27-28: 35-58

    --

  • Krumpál M, Cyprich D, Fenďa P & Pinowski J 2001 Invertebrate fauna in nests of the House Sparrow Passer domesticus and the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus in Central Poland. – International Studies on Sparrows 27-28: 35-58

    --

  • Krumpálová Z & Krumpál M 1993 Funde von für die Slowakei neuen und seltenen Spinnentierarten (Arachnoidea). – Arachnologische Mitteilungen 6: 36-41

  • Krumpálová Z & Krumpál M 1993 Funde von für die Slowakei neuen und seltenen Spinnentierarten (Arachnoidea). – Arachnologische Mitteilungen 6: 36-41

  • Lohmander H 1939 Zwei neue Chernetiden der nordwesteuropäischen Fauna. – Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar 6(11): 1-11

    --

  • Lohmander H 1939 Zwei neue Chernetiden der nordwesteuropäischen Fauna. – Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar 6(11): 1-11

    --

  • Mašán P & Krištofík J 1992 Phoresy of some arachnids (Acarina and Pseudoscorpionidea) on synanthropic flies (Diptera) in the south Slovakia. – Biologia (Bratislava) 47: 87-96

    --

  • Mašán P & Krištofík J 1992 Phoresy of some arachnids (Acarina and Pseudoscorpionidea) on synanthropic flies (Diptera) in the south Slovakia. – Biologia (Bratislava) 47: 87-96

    --

  • Poinar GO, Ćurčić BPM Jr & Cokendolpher JC 1998 Arthropod phoresy involving pseudoscorpions in the past and present. – Acta Arachnologica 47: 79-96

  • Poinar GO, Ćurčić BPM Jr & Cokendolpher JC 1998 Arthropod phoresy involving pseudoscorpions in the past and present. – Acta Arachnologica 47: 79-96

  • Rafalski J 1967 Zaleszczotki. Pseudoscorpionidea. Catalogue of Polish Fauna 32. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa. 34 pp.

    --

  • Rafalski J 1967 Zaleszczotki. Pseudoscorpionidea. Catalogue of Polish Fauna 32. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa. 34 pp.

    --

  • Ressl F & Beier M 1958 Zur Ökologie, Biologie und Phänologie der heimischen Pseudoskorpione. – Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 86: 1-26

    --

  • Ressl F & Beier M 1958 Zur Ökologie, Biologie und Phänologie der heimischen Pseudoskorpione. – Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 86: 1-26

    --

  • Ressl F 1974 Myrmecophile Pseudoscorpione aus dem Bezirk Scheibbs (Niederösterreich). – Entomologische Nachrichten 18: 26-31

    --

  • Ressl F 1974 Myrmecophile Pseudoscorpione aus dem Bezirk Scheibbs (Niederösterreich). – Entomologische Nachrichten 18: 26-31

    --

  • Turienzo P, Iorio O di & Mahnert V 2010 Global checklist of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) found in birds’ nests. – Revue suisse de Zoologie 117: 557-598

  • Turienzo P, Iorio O di & Mahnert V 2010 Global checklist of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) found in birds’ nests. – Revue suisse de Zoologie 117: 557-598

  • Weygoldt P 1969 The biology of pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 145 pp.

    --

  • Weygoldt P 1969 The biology of pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 145 pp.

    --

  • Šťáhlavský F 2001 Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of Prague. – Klapalekiana 37: 73-121

    --

  • Šťáhlavský F 2001 Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of Prague. – Klapalekiana 37: 73-121

    --