Are there any Tertiary relict species in the modern Bulgarian spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae)?
Gibt es Tertiär-Relikte in der heutigen Spinnenfauna Bulgariens (Arachnida: Araneae)?
The species classified by various authors as Tertiary relics in the Bulgarian spider fauna are reviewed. The classification criteria used by previous authors are evaluated and discussed, and an attempt is made to identify the zoogeographical status of these species. Based upon the arguments presented below, it can be concluded that the existence of spider species with Tertiary origin in the modern Bulgarian spider fauna is highly doubtful.
faunistic elements, neoendemics, palaeoendemics, zoogeography