Kachel HS, Al-Khazali AM, Hussen FS & Yağmur EA
Checklist and review of the scorpion fauna of Iraq (Arachnida: Scorpiones)
Checkliste und Übersicht der Skorpione im Irak (Arachnida: Scorpiones)
The knowledge of the scorpion fauna of Iraq and its geographical distribution is limited. Our review reveals the presence in this country of 19 species belonging to 13 genera and five families: Buthidae, Euscorpiidae, Hemiscorpiidae, Iuridae and Scorpionidae. Buthidae is, with nine genera and 15 species, the richest and the most diverse family in Iraq. Synonymies of several scorpion species were reviewed. Due to erroneous identifications and locality data, we exclude 18 species of scorpion from the list of the Iraqi fauna. The geographical distribution of Iraqi scorpions is discussed. Compsobuthus iraqensis Al-Azawii, 2018, syn. nov. is synonymized with C. matthiesseni (Birula, 1905).
Buthidae, distribution, diversity, Euscorpiidae, Hemiscorpiidae, Iuridae, Scorpionidae