Arachnologische Gesellschaft

Supraspecific names in spider systematic and their nomenclatural problems

Supraspecific names in spider systematic and their nomenclatural problems

Supraspezifische Namen in der Spinnensystematik und ihre nomenklatorischen Probleme


Three different types of the names used in spider systematics are recognized and discussed: 1) typified taxonomic names, 2) non-typified taxonomic names, and 3) non-taxonomic names. Typified names are those from genus to superfamily group names; they are regulated by the ICZN. Non-typified names are used for taxonomic groups higher than superfamilies (e.g., Haplogynae, Mesothelae, etc.); they are not regulated by the ICZN but have an authorship, a fixed year of publication and are incorporated in a hierarchical classification. Non-taxonomic names are not regulated by any formal rules, unranked, have no authorship or description, and are non-typified. Some difficulties connected with the non-typified names in spider systematics are briefly discussed. Senior synonyms of some non-typified and non-taxonomic names are discussed, and suggestions are given on how to deal with the non-typified names lacking senior synonyms.

Drei verschiedene Namenstypen in der Spinnensystematik werden diskutiert: 1) typisierte taxonomische Namen, 2) nicht-typisierte taxonomische Namen sowie 3) nicht-taxonomische Namen. Typisierte Namen reichen von Gattungen bis zu Überfamilien und sind durch die ICZN reguliert. Nicht-typisierte Namen werden für taxonomische Einheiten oberhalb von Überfamilien verwendet (z. B. Haplogynae, Mesothelae), sind nicht durch die ICZN reguliert, haben aber Autoren, ein Erstbeschreibungsjahr und werden in hierarchischen Klassifikationen verwendet. Nicht-taxonomische Namen sind ungeregelt, nicht hierarchisch und ihnen sind keine Erstautoren oder Erstnennungen zugeordnet. Schwierigkeiten der nicht-typisierten Namen werden ebenso diskutiert, wie ältere Synonyme einiger nicht-typisierter und nicht-taxonomischer Namen. Es werden Vorschläge gemacht wie mit den nicht-typisierten Namen ohne ältere Synonyme umgegangen werden kann.

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